Infectious diseases

The Health Act 1956 states particular diseases must be notified to the Medical Officer of Health.

The Council's Environmental Health Officers investigate reported cases on behalf of the Medical Officer of Health. The caseload is always significantly higher in the warmer months.

The Infectious Disease Chart summarises key points about twenty different diseases and is a handy reference.  

Refer to Related Information for details and advice from HealthEd on particular diseases, including origin, transmission, symptoms and ways to avoid infection and prevent spread of the disease.

Notifiable diseases

Disease
Information/description
Campylobacteriosis This may be caught from food, water, animals and infected persons. Campylobacter is by far the most common disease investigated by Council's Environmental Health Officers. 
Cryptosporidiosis
Dairy farm workers and meat workers are most commonly infected with this nasty disease.
Giardiasis
This parasite may be present in animals and infection follows contamination of water, food or hands. In can be difficult to detect because symptoms are often vague, mild or non-existent.
Hepatitis A, B and C
Hepatitis A may be transmitted by contaminated food, drink or water, whereas blood, other body fluids such as urine and saliva and drug needles usually transmit (Serum) Hepatitis B.
Listeria
This is a common bacteria which has little effect on healthy people. However, it is dangerous to pregnant women, frail and sick people and people with damaged immune systems or with long-term illnesses. Learn safe food handling tips to avoid listeria. 

Additional information

Influenza

This may be particularly dangerous to the elderly, immuno-compromised persons and diabetics. Strains are continually changing but vaccinations are available.

Body piercing and tattooing

Ensuring infections are not transferred necessitates healthy work practices.